# Calculating Ranges and Ante Ranges in Online Poker

Despite the many variations of poker, the basic goal remains the same: to create the best five-card poker hand. This can be done by evaluating factors at play. This includes frequency, opponent action, and hand selection. In addition to calculating ranges, players also consider the size of the pot, and whether or not to fold their hand.

The preflop range is the first thing to consider. The preflop range is the range of hands that are open-raised by a player before the flop. This range is usually 25% of the total starting hands. Typically, this range includes all offsuit combinations and T8s. However, it may also include higher suited gappers and A9os.

In calculating the range, the player must estimate how often he or she will make the open-raising motion and the number of hands that are in the range. If there are more hands in the range, the player should bet more aggressively. If there are fewer hands in the range, the player should be more passive.

Once the range is determined, players must decide whether or not to call, raise, or fold. If a player is holding a bad hand, he or she should either check or fold. If the hand is good, the player may raise the bet to continue playing. Alternatively, the player may lay down his or her cards and let the other players try to improve their hands by trading cards.

In addition to the preflop range, the player should also estimate the frequency of action and the number of combos. These estimates are a good way to visualize ranges and are generally easier to do than to calculate them. A player can also export the range strand into poker software. The range strand is a string of text that lists all of the hands in the range. The strand can be discussed verbally or written out in forum posts.

The ante is the “buy-in bet” that is typically used in the opening round of betting. This bet is typically \$1 or \$5. The ante is chosen by the table and is typically small. After the ante has been established, the player will have a set of five cards. These cards will be dealt to each player. The player with the best hand wins the hand.

When deducing ranges, players should always look for the “best hand” or the “highest hand.” This is a term that has many different meanings. Generally, the highest hand is a “full house.” A full house is when a player has a pair and three of a kind. This hand is rarer and harder to achieve. The other hands are a pair and two of a kind, a pair and a straight, a straight and three of a kind, and a straight flush.

For a player to be considered “passive”, they must have a hand that is good enough to fold, but not so good that they will lose more chips. This is usually the case if they have a good hand but are a little bit loose. For a player to be considered aggressive, they should have a hand that is thin enough to win. They should also consider multi-street bluffing.